Northrop Grumman, one of the world’s largest arms manufacturers, proﬁts from the production of parts for the Apache AH64D Longbow Helicopter, including the Longbow Hellfire II missiles, as well as radars for F-16 aircraft. An online Northrop Grumman brochure explains that the Longbow Fire Control Radar and RF Longbow HELLFIRE™ Fire-and-Forget Missile for the Apache are “manufactured by a Joint Venture of Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman.” Israel used both the Apache AH64D and the Longbow Helicopter against Lebanese civilians in 2006 and again in its attacks on civilians in Gaza in 2008–09. These Northrop Grumman–equipped weapons were sold to Israel between 2000 and 2004.
In 2006, Amnesty International noted that the Apache helicopter was “used by Israel in the recent Lebanon crisis.” Also in 2006, Amnesty International concluded, “Throughout the war Israeli forces pounded south Lebanon, from the air, ground and sea, firing thousands of shells virtually every day. This bombardment killed civilians and destroyed or rendered unusable thousands of homes and other buildings. [...] [T]he artillery bombardment of south Lebanon was indiscriminate.”
In a 2009 report on Israel’s 2008–09 attacks on Gaza, or Operation Cast Lead, Amnesty International highlighted Israeli attacks using F-16s and Hellfire missiles. The organization explained: “Hundreds of civilians were killed in attacks carried out using high-precision weapons – air delivered bombs and missiles, and tank shells. Others, including women and children, were shot at short range when posing no threat to the lives of the Israeli soldiers. Aerial bombardments launched from Israeli F-16 combat aircraft targeted and destroyed civilian homes without warning, killing and injuring scores of their inhabitants, often while they slept. Children playing on the roofs of their homes or in the street and other civilians going about their daily business, as well as medical staff attending the wounded were killed in broad daylight by Hellfire and other highly accurate missiles launched from helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, and by precision projectiles fired from tanks.”